Framework for sharing developmental feedback

Giving developmental feedback is difficult and requires long practice.

In his article on Negative feedback anti-patterns, Charles Axel-Dein, gives the below OFNR framework for giving developmental feedback:

  1. Observation of a fact. A fact is rarely controversial, so it's a great way to start a conversation.
  2. Feeling: express your feelings and your story. Clarify that it's your story.
  3. Need: state what you value, or the kind of impact you'd like to see.
  4. Request: explain what concrete action the person who's receiving the feedback would need to take.
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